3. No’s 15 – 20, 1859-1900?

No. 15 Mornington Road

1861 Census gives James Martin Dunstan, a clerk aged 29 from Breage, Cornwall; his wife Eleanor Mary Dunstan, aged 21, from Notting Hill, with a daughter of 3 months, Florence. They had a housemaid, Mary Butler, age 23, born in Stepney, and a nursemaid, Ann Heasman, age 16, from Hartsfield, Sussex.

1863, 1865, 1867 Street Directories give “Dunstan, James Martin, esq.”

1865 Mr James Martin Dunstan – a witness to the burglary at No. 16, Aug 1865 (London Evening Standard, 31 Aug 1865)

1871 Census gives James and his Wife Eleanor, with two daughters, both at school, Florence age 10 and Catherine age 6. James has by now been promoted to Assistant Secretary, but now says he’s from Callington, Cornwall, and his wife Eleanor is now states she is from Brixton. They have a 28 year old cook, Rebecca Meeres born in Lincolnshire, and an 18 year old nurse, Ellen Collins from Bow.

James Dunstan continues recorded as resident in London Street Directories to 1873.

1875 London Street Directory has Herbert Bartfleet as resident of no. 15.

1881 Census gives the family of Thomas Adam Young, an engineer from Bow, 62; his wife Sarah from Shadwell, 56; they have living with them four daughters, Jemima 34, Mary Ann 27, Florence 19, Mathilda 16, all four unmarried; and two sons, Frederick, 21, an engine fitter, and Ernest, 19, still in education. They have a servant, age 22, Elizabeth H Green, from Bromley.

1882 and 1895. London Street Directories give the name as Reverend Thomas Adam Young.

1887  Young, Ernest A. “Bow Emmanuel Workers’ Society, Flower and Picture Distribution Branch.” A letter to the Isle of Wight County Press: “Sir, we feel sure the work of brightening the homes of the poor must receive the sympathy of all your readers, and therefore ask, on behalf of those living in the courts and alleys of East London, that you will grant the following appeal a corner in your valuable paper.  Our aim is to create in our poorer neighbours, who know nothing of the pleasures of the country, a love for cultivating flower, and to enable them, in their leisure time, to convert their window-sills into gardens of bright refreshing colour, and decorate their homes by the introduction of nature and art.  May I therefore venture to ask your readers for their sympathy and support in this mission?  We shall be glad to receive for distribution bunches of flowers, pot or garden flowers, and pictures or other suitable ornaments.  As much expense is incurred from the purchase of window-boxes, picture frames, etc., donations or subscriptions would materially help us in our endeavours.  All parcels and letters should be addressed to the manager, Ernest A. Young, 15, Mornington-road, Bow, E, or to your obedient servant, Alfred W Bevis, hon. Sec., 115 Malmesbury-road, Bow. [Isle of Wight County Press and South of England Reporter – Saturday 28 May 1887. A similar letter in Bucks Herald – Saturday 04 June 1887]  A similar letter, reporting a generous response to a previous such appeal, had been placed in North Devon Journal – Thursday 12 May 1887.  

1891 Census, Thomas Young, now 71, still has four unmarried daughters, age 44 to 26, but son Frederick is there no more. Ernest, now 23, is a manufacturing engineer like his father. Elizabeth J Davis is their general domestic servant, age 27 – she was born in Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire.

1899 Street Directory records William Hartley Smith as resident at No. 15

No. 16 Mornington Road

1861 Census: Cuthbert Vaus, a shipowner from Sunderland, age 50 and his wife Anne, age 40, lived here. They had four children, Cuthbert, Anne Jane, Isabella and Walter, age 20, 16, 15 and 10. Cuthbert jnr was Chief Officer in the Merchant Service. They all came from Durham. Their servant was Sarah Ann Hayden, age 26, a House Maid from Bow.

1865  Vaux, Cuthbert, shipowner and captain, and his wife, who sacked their servant Mary Buckingham, September 1865, following a burglary that took place whilst Mr. and Mrs Vaux were away in  Bremen. (London Evening Standard, 31 Aug. 1865, The Era, 1 Oct. 1865).  Details of the ‘crime’ can be read on the “Cricket and Crime” page.  Mr Vaux is listed in street directories resident here in 1863 through to 1873.

1871 Census night, the seafaring men seem to have been away. Annie Vaux, age 49, and her daughter, now Annie Campbell, born in Liverpool, now age 26, are both described as “mariner’s wife”. There are two grandsons, Cuthbert Campbell, age 6, and Walter Inwards, age 2. Louise Welch, age 20, is a general servant. She was born in Shoreditch.

In 1875 Frederick W. Francis is listed in the Street Directory.

1881 Census, Frederick W. Francis is listed as age 60, a surveyor. He has a wife, Ellen, who is 37. There are two children in their twenties, Mary 27 and Alexander 22, who is an architect; and then two very young daughters, Clara and Kathleen, aged 5 and 4 – so presumably Ellen was the second wife. They had two servants, Emily Attlee and Rachel Waymans, age 18 and 19, both local girls.

1882 London Street Directory lists Mr Francis.

1891 Census the house is unoccupied.

1895 Livingstone Medical Missionary Training College, Chas. F. Harford-Battersby, M.A., M.D. principal. (1895 London Post Office Directory)  Harford-Battersby and his wife lived across the road at No. 33.  He was author of various books, perhaps the best known is a biography of a British missionary shot in Uganda, Pilkington of Uganda, published in 1899.

No. 17 Mornington Road

1861 Census, William Archer, age 52, a miller and flour dealer of Middlesex (which at that time included Bow), his wife Mary Ann, also 52, who was born in Lincoln. They had a daughter, also named Mary Ann, who was 26, without occupation. They had two servants, a house maid from Suffolk, Emma Pipe, 22, and a cook from Surrey, Caroline Phillips, 18.

1863, London Street Directory records William Archer esq., living at No. 17

1863, 1866 Archer, William. His only daughter, Marian, married J. Ross of Albert Square, Stepney on August 5 1863. (Bell’s Weekly Messenger, 8 Aug 1863). He died on 10th October 1866. (London Evening Standard, 12 Oct. 1866) In November his effects were sold by auction: “mahogany pillar, four-post and Arabian style bedsteads, full feather beds and bedding, mahogany chests of drawers, handsome winged wardrobe with plate centre panel, marble-top washstands, cane-seat and other chairs, dressing-glasses and dressing tables, walnut-tree drawing-room suite covered in damask, handsome walnut-tree chiffonier with plate-glass back and panels, sofa, chairs, loo tables, damask curtains, mahogany extending dining-table, mahogany chairs, sofa, dinner waggon, chimney glasses, fine-toned 6 ½ octave cottage pianoforte in rosewood case, Brussels carpets, mahogany hall chairs, hat and umbrella stand, and the usual kitchen requisites; also a bay horse, harness, brougham and gig.” (Morning Advertiser, Oct 19 1866)

1871 Census has two brothers of the same age, 24, resident. Henry Thomas Withers, who was a secretary, and Frederick John Withers, for whom no occupation is given. They had both been born in Stepney. They had a cook from Dunmow, Essex, Mary Stokes, who was 20 years old, and a housemaid from Brentwood, 16 years old, Helen Chatters.

1870 – 1882 Withers Mrs., in London Street Directories. 1892 Withers, Frederick John.  

1881 Census has Harriett Withers, a widow aged 65, Henry and Frederick Withers are both listed as secretaries/clerks. The census now has their ages as 44 and 27. There are two servants, Eliza Nampane(?) 27, and Sarah Ramkins 22, who was born in Ilford.

1891 Census has Henry Withers age 54, and Frederick age 42, both ‘living on means’. They have two servants, Mary Grimshaw, a married woman, age 57, born in Grantham, and Emma Balls, age 20, born in Manningtree.

In January 1892 Frederick Withers supported a collection for a retiring long-serving fireman from Kennington, Mr. William Port. (South London Press, 9 Jan 1892) But by 20 May 1892 his will had been proved. He bequeathed to his brother Henry Thomas Withers all the property which he possessed. Should his brother predecease him, then two-thirds of his estate he bequeathed for placing a stained-glass window into the church of St. Mary Overy (St. Saviour’s), Southwark, to the memory of his father Henry Withers; the remaining third to the restoration fund of the church of St. Bartholomew the Great. (But his brother did not predecease him.) [St Bart’s records]

1892 21 June someone at the address is advertising for a housemaid. (London Evening Standard)

1895 London Street Directory has no entry for resident at No. 17

No.18 Mornington Road

1861 Census: Frederick Smith, age 43, a master mariner, born in Newcastle on Tyne; his wife Margaret, age 35, from Durham; their daughter Margaret, age 12, also born in Durham, and a son age 6, Charles, born in Newcastle. They had a servant, Elizabeth Pozey(?), age 18, from Limehouse.

1863, 1865 London Street Directories have Captain Frederick Smith.

1867 Harper Twelvetrees, (1823-1881), industrialist, philanthropist and campaigner. He is listed resident at No. 18 Mornington Road in London Street Directory 1867. A manufacturing chemist and drysalter, industrialist who managed works at Imperial Works, Bromley-by-Bow. He was in the bankruptcy court in 1868, adjudicated bankrupt on 24th May, his address being given as ‘late of 18, Mornington Road, Bow.’ His company was responsible for developing and marketing Penny Patent Soap Powder and Glycerine Spa Power (to wash clothes) and Eggs and Butter Powder (for cooking). He was a philanthropic employer and an anti-slavery campaigner who had written a book in 1863, The Story of the Life of John Anderson, the Fugitive Slave.  His laundry soap was advertised as the ‘abolition of the horrors of washing day’.  His bankruptcy was discharged in November 1868, his address then being given as Upper Abbey Street, Dublin. (For more about Harper Twelvetrees, probably the most renowned resident of Mornington Road, see the article by Julia Lafferty in Hackney History, volume 13 page 20, and for his connections to Bromley-by-Bow see Diamond Geezer 24 May 2020)

There was an auction at 18 Mornington Road ‘without the least reserve’ on 6 Sept. 1867, presumably these were Harper Twelvetrees’s things: “Household Furniture and Effects of the above eleven-roomed residence, comprising superior chimney and dressing-glasses, chests of drawers, handsome mahogany Arabian and iron bedsteads and fittings, mahogany-framed chairs, a handsome drawing-room suite covered in green velvet, loo and other tables, three whatnots, a superior 6 ¾ octave rosewood cottage pianoforte, Brussels carpets, rugs, oil paintings and prints, two office tables, Spanish mahogany wardrobe with plate-glass panels, bookcases, two gilt clocks under shades, gasfittings, two portable mangles, two wringing machines, costly double lantern by Cox, and the entire kitchen and laundry effects.”  (Clerkenwell News – 29 July 1868) (Morning Post 29 January 1869) (Wikipedia)

Census 1871 – Charles Potter, Post Master E6, age 45, with his wife Eleanor, age 44, and his 83 year old mother, Mary, who had been born in Devonport, Deveon. An 18 year old son, Willan, was a Post Office clerk. Edward, 13, Jessie, 11, Emily, 8 were all at school. There were two toddlers, Charles, 5, and Henry, 2. Amelia Otten, 19 and Elizabeth Letter, 13, were servants.

Census 1881 – webpage work in progress…. 18/03/21

1895 House to be let, advertised in the London Evening Standard, 29 April 1895, “for about five years; best part of Bow: breakfast room, three reception and four bedrooms; box-room, ususal offices; rent moderate, close to rail, omnibus and tram.